California Business and Professions Code > Bus. & Prof. Code §11240. Contents of the Estimated Operating Budget
An estimated operating budget for the time-share plan shall be filed with the commissioner along with the other information required to be registered pursuant to this chapter, and shall contain the following information:
(a) The estimated annual expenses of the time-share plan along with the estimated revenue of the association from all sources, including the amounts collectible from purchasers as assessments. The estimated payments by the purchaser for assessments shall also be stated in the estimated amounts for the times when they will be due. Expenses shall be shown in a manner that enables the purchaser to calculate the annual expenses associated with the time-share interest being purchased. Expenses that are personal to purchasers that are not uniformly incurred by all purchasers or that are not provided for or contemplated by the time-share plan documents may be excluded from this estimate.
(b) (1) The estimated items of expenses of the time-share plan and the association, except as excluded under subdivision (a), including, but not limited to, if applicable, the following items, that shall be stated either as association expenses collectible by assessments or as expenses of the purchaser payable to persons other than the association:
(2) Expenses for the association:
(A) Administration of the association.
(B) Management fees.
(D) Rent for accommodations.
(E) Taxes upon time-share property.
(F) Taxes upon leased areas.
(H) Security provisions.
(I) Other expenses.
(J) Operating capital.
(K) Equitable apportionment of expenses between time-share and non-time-share uses of the common area, if applicable.
(L) Reserves for deferred maintenance and reserves for capital expenditures. All reserves for any accommodations and common areas of a time-share plan located in this state shall be based upon the estimated life and replacement cost of accommodations and common elements of the time-share plan. For any accommodations and common elements of a time-share plan located outside of this state, the developer shall disclose the amount of reserves for deferred maintenance and capital expenditures required by the law of the situs state, if applicable, and maintained for those accommodations and common elements, which amount of reserves shall be based on the estimated life and replacement cost of each reserve item. The developer or the association shall include in the budget a reasonable reserve accumulation plan. A plan that (i) provides for reserves to be funded within five years at a level of 50 percent of the amount specified in the reserve study as fully funded, and (ii) requires those reserves collected in any given year to equal or exceed the amount of reserve expenditures estimated for that year shall be deemed to be a reasonable reserve accumulation plan. The funding of reserves may be based on collection of reserve amounts in conjunction with annual assessments, or on some alternative mechanism, including, but not limited to, a bond, letter of credit, or similar mechanism. Collection of required reserve amounts solely by one or more special assessments is not reasonable. If control of the association is in owners other than the developer, and such owners vote not to maintain reserves or to maintain reserves at less than 50 percent, the failure to maintain the required level of reserves shall not be cause for denying the developer a public report.
(c) The estimated amounts shall be stated for a period of at least 12 months and may distinguish between the period prior to the time that purchasers elect a majority of the board of administration and the period after that date.
(d) The budget of a phase time-share plan shall contain a note identifying the number of time-share interests covered by the budget, indicating the number of time-share interests, if any, estimated to be declared as part of the time-share plan during that calendar year, and projecting the common expenses for the time-share plan based upon the number of time-share interests estimated to be declared as part of the time-share plan during that calendar year.
(e) For single site time-share plans and component sites of a multisite time-share plan located outside of the state, the budget shall include the subject matter set forth in subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive. The budget shall be in compliance with the applicable laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the time-share property or component site is located, and if there is a conflict between the affirmative standards set forth in the laws of the situs state and the requirements set forth in this section, the law of the situs state shall control. If the budget provides for the matters contained in subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive, the budget shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section, and the developer shall not be required to make revisions in order to comply with this section.
(f) The budget shall include a certification subscribed and sworn by an expert in the preparation of time-share plan budgets, who may be (1) an independent public accountant, (2) a certified public accountant, who is an employee of the developer, or (3) at the discretion of the commissioner, an individual or entity acceptable to the commissioner to conduct the review. Acceptance of the individual or entity shall not be considered an endorsement by the commissioner of a proposed budget. The budget certification shall also be signed by the developer or on behalf of the developer by an appropriate officer, if the developer is a corporation, or the managing member, if the developer is a limited liability company. The certification concerning the adequacy of the budget shall be in the following form: On behalf of the developer of the captioned time-share plan, I/my firm has reviewed or prepared the budget containing projections of income and expenses for time-share operation. My/our experience in this field includes: (List experience.) I/we have reviewed the budget and investigated the facts set forth in the budget and the facts underlying it with due diligence in order to form a basis for this certification. I/we certify that the projections in the budget appear reasonable and adequate based on present prices (adjusted to reflect continued inflation and present levels of consumption for comparable units similarly situated) or, for an existing project, based on historical data for the project. I/we certify that the budget:
(1) Sets forth in detail the terms of the transaction as it relates to the budget and is complete, current, and accurate.
(2) Affords potential purchasers an adequate basis upon which to found their judgment.
(3) Does not omit any material fact.
(4) Does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact.
(5) Does not contain any fraud, deception, concealment, or suppression.
(6) Does not contain any promise or representation as to the future which is beyond reasonable expectation or unwarranted by existing circumstances.
(7) Does not contain any representation or statement which is false, where I/we:
(A) Knew the truth.
(B) With reasonable effort could have known the truth and made no reasonable effort to ascertain the truth.
(C) Did not have knowledge concerning the representation or statement made.
I/we understand that a copy of this certification is intended to be incorporated into the public report so that prospective purchasers may rely on it. This certification is made under the penalty of perjury for the benefit of all persons to whom this offer is made. We understand that violations are subject to the civil and criminal penalties of the laws of California. The certification shall be dated within 90 days prior to the date of the submission of the budget to the commissioner. The expert’s certification shall be based on experience in the management of hotel, resort, or time-share properties and disclose the approximate number of properties managed and length of time managed, together with other relevant real estate experience, qualifications, and licenses.
(g) Any budget that is not certified by an independent certified public accountant or an employee of the developer who is licensed as a certified public accountant may be reviewed by the commissioner to confirm the accuracy of the certification.
(h) The certified budget for the time-share plan shall be prepared and submitted by the developer to the commissioner annually for as long as the registration is in effect. If the budget is increased more than 20 percent in any year, the developer shall submit to the commissioner, along with the increased budget, evidence that the requirements of paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) of Section 11265 have been met. The budget shall be submitted at least 15 days prior to the first day of the period that it covers. Upon the submission of each annual budget, the exhibit to the public report specified in paragraph (8) of subdivision (a) of, and paragraph (16) of subdivision (c) of, Section 11234 shall be updated. The updating of the exhibit shall not be considered to constitute an amendment of the public report.
(i) The audited financial statements of the association prepared pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 11272 shall be delivered to the commissioner upon request.
(j) At the time an application is submitted for renewal of the public report or any amendment of the public report that affects the budget for the time-share plan, the developer shall submit with the application a copy of the most recent audited financial statement for the time-share plan, along with a certified copy of the budget reflecting the amendment or renewal. If the commissioner, upon reasonable comparison of the budget and the prior year’s audited financial statements, determines that the budget is deficient, the commissioner may subject the budget to a substantive review.