California Civil Code > Part 5. Common Interest Developments (Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act) > Chapter 1. General Provisions > Article 2. Preliminary Provisions > Civil Code §4175. “Planned Development” – Defined
“Planned development” means a real property development other than a community apartment project, a condominium project, or a stock cooperative, having either or both of the following features:
(a) Common area that is owned either by an association or in common by the owners of the separate interests who possess appurtenant rights to the beneficial use and enjoyment of the common area.
(b) Common area and an association that maintains the common area with the power to levy assessments that may become a lien upon the separate interests in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 5650) of Chapter 8. [2012 – Based on former §1351(k)]