California Civil Code > Commercial & Industrial Common Interest Development Act > Chapter 7. Assessments and Assessment Collection > Article 3. Assessment Collection > Civil Code §6824. Effect of Common Area Damage and Monetary Penalties on the Right to Lien
(a) A monetary charge imposed by the association as a means of reimbursing the association for costs incurred by the association in the repair of damage to common areas and facilities caused by a member or the member’s guest or tenant may become a lien against the member’s separate interest enforceable by the sale of the interest under Sections 2924, 2924b, and 2924c, provided the authority to impose a lien is set forth in the governing documents.
(b) A monetary penalty imposed by the association as a disciplinary measure for failure of a member to comply with the governing documents, except for the late payments, may not be characterized nor treated in the governing documents as an assessment that may become a lien against the member’s separate interest enforceable by the sale of the interest under Sections 2924, 2924b, and 2924c. [2013 – Based on former §1367.1(d)&(€