Bus. & Prof. Code §11283. Acts Triggering Desist and Refrain Order from Commissioner

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11283. Acts Triggering Desist and Refrain Order from Commissioner
 (a) Whenever the commissioner determines from available evidence that a person has done any of the following, the commissioner may order the person to desist and refrain from those acts and omissions or from the further sale or lease of interests in the time-share plan until the condition has been corrected:
  (1) The person has violated or caused the violation of any provision of this chapter or the regulations pertaining thereto.
  (2) The person has violated or caused a violation of Section 17537, 17537.1, 17537.2, or 17539.1, in advertising or promoting the sale of time-share interests.
  (3) The person has failed to fulfill representations or assurances with respect to the time-share plan or the time-share offering upon which the department relied in issuing a public report.
  (4) The person has failed to inform the department of material changes that have occurred in the time-share or time-share offering that have caused the public report to be misleading or inaccurate or which would have caused the department to deny a public report if the conditions had existed at the time of issuance.
 (b) Upon receipt of such an order, the person or persons to whom the order is directed shall immediately discontinue activities in accordance with the terms of the order.
 (c) Any person to whom the order is directed may, within 30 days after service thereof upon him or her, file with the commissioner a written request for hearing to contest the order. The commissioner shall, after receipt of a request for hearing, assign the matter to the Office of Administrative Hearings to conduct a hearing for findings of fact and determinations of the issues set forth in the order. If the hearing is not commenced within 15 days after receipt of the request for hearing, or on the date to which continued with the agreement of the person requesting the hearing, or if the decision of the commissioner is not rendered within 30 days after completion of the hearing, the order shall be deemed to be vacated.
 (d) Service and proof of service of an order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section may be made in a manner and upon those persons as prescribed for the service of summons in Article 3 (commencing with Section 415.10), Article 4 (commencing with Section 416.10), and Article 5 (commencing with Section 417.10) of Chapter 4 of Title 5 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11284. Disciplinary Consent Orders

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11284. Disciplinary Consent Orders
 Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter or of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code), the commissioner may negotiate agreements with registrants and applicants resulting in disciplinary consent orders. The consent order may provide for any form of discipline provided for in this chapter. The consent order shall provide that it is not entered into as a result of any coercion by the commissioner. The consent order shall be accepted by signature or rejected by the commissioner in a timely manner. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11285. Relief Under Act

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11285. Relief Under Act
 An action for damages or for injunctive or declaratory relief for a violation of this chapter may be brought by any time-share interest owner or association against the developer, seller, or marketer of time-share interests, an escrow agent, or the managing entity. Relief under this section does not exclude other remedies provided by law. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11272. Documents Available to Time-Share Interest Owners

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11272. Documents Available to Time-Share Interest Owners
 (a) The following information concerning the time-share plan shall be made available to all time-share interest owners in the time-share plan:
  (1) A proposed budget for each fiscal year consisting of the information required by Section 11240 shall be distributed not less than 15 days prior to the beginning of the fiscal year to which the budget applies.
  (2) An audit of the financial statements of the association by an independent certified public accountant shall be performed each year and shall be made available upon request by a time-share owner 120 days after the close of the fiscal year. The audited financial statements shall be included in a report that includes all of the following:
   (A) A balance sheet as of the end of the fiscal year.
   (B) An operating (income) statement for the fiscal year.
   (C) A statement of the net changes in the financial position of the time-share plan during the fiscal year.
   (D) For any fiscal year in which the gross income to the association exceeds seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000), a copy of the review of the annual report prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
   (E) A list of the names and methods of contacting the members of the governing body of the association.
  (3) A list of the orders of business to be considered at the annual meeting of members of the association shall be distributed not less than 14 days prior to the meeting date. This list shall include the name, address, and a brief biographical sketch if available of each member of the association who is a candidate for election to the governing body.
 (b) In lieu of the distribution of the budget and report required by subdivision (a), the governing body may elect to distribute a summary of the budget and report to all time-share interest owners along with a written notice that the budget and report is available at the business office of the association or at another suitable location within the boundaries of the development, and that copies will be provided upon request and at the expense of the association. If any time-share interest owner requests that a copy of the budget and report required by subdivision (a) be provided to the time-share interest owner, the association shall provide the copy to the time-share interest owner by facsimile, electronic mail, or first-class United States mail at the expense of the association and delivered within 10 days. The written notice that is distributed to each of the time-share interest owners shall be in conspicuous 14-point type on the front page of the summary of the budget and report.
 (c) Delivery of the information specified in subdivision (a) may be combined where appropriate.
 (d) For single site time-share plans and component sites of a multisite time-share plan located outside of the state, the association shall be subject to the provisions set forth in this section. The association must be in compliance with the applicable laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the time-share property or component site is located, and if a conflict exists between laws of the situs state and the requirements set forth in this section, the law of the situs state shall control. If the association provides for the dissemination of information provided for in this section, the association shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section and neither the developer nor the association shall be required to make revisions to the time-share instruments or budget in order to comply with this section. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11273. Inspection of Books and Records

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11273. Inspection of Books and Records
 (a) The books of account, minutes of members and governing body meetings, and all other records of the time-share plan maintained by the association or the managing entity shall be made available for inspection and copying by any member, or by his or her duly appointed representative, at any reasonable time for a purpose reasonably related to membership in the association.
 (b) The records shall be made available for inspection at the office where the records are maintained. Upon receipt of an authenticated written request from a member along with the fee prescribed by the governing body to defray the costs of reproduction, the managing entity or other custodian of records of the association or the time-share plan shall prepare and transmit to the member a copy of any and all records requested.
 (c) The governing body shall establish reasonable rules with respect to all of the following:
  (1) Notice to be given to the managing entity or other custodian of the records by the member desiring to make the inspection or to obtain copies.
  (2) Hours and days of the week when a personal inspection of the records may be made.
  (3) Payment of the cost of reproducing copies of records requested by a member.
 (d) Every governing body member shall have the absolute right at any time to inspect all books, records, and documents of the association and all real and personal properties owned and controlled by the association.
 (e) The association shall maintain among its records a complete list of the names and addresses of all owners of time-share interests in the time-share plan. The association shall update this list no less frequently than every six months. Unless otherwise provided in the time-share instruments, the association may not publish this owner’s list or provide a copy of it to any time-share interest owner or to any third party or use or sell the list for commercial purposes.
 (f) For single site time-share plans and component sites of a multisite time-share plan located outside of the state, the association shall be subject to the provisions set forth in this section. The association must be in compliance with the applicable laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the time-share property or component site is located, and if a conflict exists between laws of the situs state and the requirements set forth in this section, the law of the situs state shall control. If the association and the time-share instruments provide for the matters contained in this section, the association shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section and neither the developer nor the association shall be required to make revisions to the time-share instruments in order to comply with the section. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11274. Limitations on Absolute Forfeiture

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11274. Limitations on Absolute Forfeiture
 (a) The association shall not be authorized to cause the absolute forfeiture of a time-share interest owner’s right, title, or interest in the time-share plan on account of the time-share interest owner’s failure to comply with provisions of the time-share instrument or the rules and regulations for the time-share plan except pursuant to either of the following:
  (1) The judgment of a court or the decision of an arbitrator as provided in the time-share instrument.
  (2) A foreclosure or sale under a power of sale for the failure of a time-share interest owner to pay assessments duly levied by the association.
 (b) The time-share instrument may authorize the governing body of the association, or the managing entity acting on behalf of the governing body, to suspend a time-share interest owner’s right to the occupancy of an accommodation, and all related rights and privileges as a time-share interest owner of a time-share interest in the time-share plan, during the period of time that the time-share interest owner is delinquent in the payment of regular or special assessments or other charges duly levied by the association. The time-share interest owner shall be given written notice of the suspension of his or her rights and privileges immediately after the decision to suspend has been made.
 (c) The time-share instrument may authorize the association to impose a monetary penalty to suspend a time-share interest owner’s right to use an accommodation or other facility that is part of the time-share plan or to take other disciplinary action that is appropriate, short of the forfeiture of the time-share interest owner’ s right, title, and interest in the time-share plan, for violations of the provisions of the time-share instrument and of the rules and regulations for operation of the time-share plan by the time-share interest owner, his or her guests or persons under his or her control, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
  (1) Failure to vacate an accommodation upon expiration of the time-share interest owner’s use period.
  (2) Damage to an accommodation or any other real or personal property that is part of the time-share plan.
  (3) Permitting a time-share interest to be subject to a lien, other than the lien of nondelinquent real property taxes or assessments, claim, or charge that could result in the sale of time-share interests of other time-share interest owners.
  (4) Creating a disturbance that interferes with the use and enjoyment of facilities of the time-share plan by other time-share interest owners.
 (d) Before disciplinary action authorized under subdivision (c) can be imposed by the association, the time-share interest owner against whom the action is proposed to be taken shall be given 30-days prior written notice and the opportunity to present a written or oral defense to the charges.
  (1) The governing body of the association shall decide whether the time-share interest owner’s defense shall be oral or written.
  (2) The time-share interest owner shall be notified of the decision of the governing body of the association before disciplinary action is taken.
 (e) The association may delegate to the managing entity, the power and authority to carry out disciplinary actions duly imposed by the governing body.
 (f) For single site time-share plans and component sites of specific time-share interest multisite time-share plans and nonspecific time-share interest multisite time-share plans located outside this state, and offered for sale in this state, the public report shall contain the following disclosure in conspicuous 14-point type:
THIS TIME SHARE PLAN MAY NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE SAME PROTECTIONS AGAINST FORFEITURE AND FORECLOSURE AS PROVIDED BY CALIFORNIA LAW. YOU SHOULD BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE PROCEDURES PROVIDED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE IN WHICH THE TIME-SHARE PLAN IS LOCATED. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11275. Dispute Resolution Between and Association and Developer

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11275. Dispute Resolution Between and Association and Developer
 (a) Any contractual provision or other provision in the time-share instruments implemented after July 1, 2005, setting forth terms, conditions, and procedures for resolution of a dispute or claim between a time-share interest owner and a developer, or any provision in the time-share instruments implemented after July 1, 2005, setting forth terms, conditions, and procedures for resolution of a dispute of a claim between an association and the developer, shall, at a minimum, provide that the dispute or claim resolution process, proceeding, hearing, or trial be conducted in accordance with the following rules:
  (1) For the developer to advance the fees necessary to initiate the dispute or claim resolution process, with the costs and fees, including ongoing costs and fees, if any, to be paid as agreed by the parties and if they cannot agree then the costs and fees are to be paid as determined by the person or persons presiding at the dispute or claim resolution proceeding or hearing.
  (2) For a neutral or impartial person to administer and preside over the claim or dispute resolution process.
  (3) For the appointment or selection, as designation, or assignment of the person to administer and preside over the claim or dispute resolution process within a specific period of time, which in no event shall be more than 60 days from initiation of the claim or dispute resolution process or hearing. The person appointed, selected, designated, or assigned to preside may be challenged for bias.
  (4) For the venue of the claim or dispute resolution process to be in the county where the time-share is located unless the parties agree to some other location.
  (5) For the prompt and timely commencement of the claim or dispute resolution process. When the contract provisions provide for a specific type of claim or dispute resolution process, the process shall be deemed to be promptly and timely commenced if it is to be commenced in accordance with the rules applicable to that process. If the rules do not specify a date by which the proceeding or hearing is required to commence, then commencement shall be by a date agreed upon by the parties, and if they cannot agree, a date shall be determined by the person presiding over the dispute resolution process.
  (6) For the claim or dispute resolution process to be conducted in accordance with rules and procedures that are reasonable and fair to the parties.
  (7) For the prompt and timely conclusion of the claim or dispute resolution process, including the issuance of any decision or ruling following the proceeding or hearing.
  (8) For the person presiding at the claim or dispute resolution process to be authorized to provide all recognized remedies available in law or equity for any cause of action that is the basis of the proceeding or hearing. The parties may authorize the limitation or prohibition of punitive damages.
 (b) A copy of the rules applicable to the claim or dispute resolution process shall be submitted as part of the application for a public report.
 (c) If the claim or dispute resolution process provides or allows for a judicial remedy in accordance with the laws of this state, it shall be presumed that the proceeding or hearing satisfies the provisions of subdivision (a). [2006]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11280. Regulation of Time-Share Plans and Exchange Programs within Exclusive Power of the State

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11280. Regulation of Time-Share Plans and Exchange Programs within Exclusive Power of the State
 (a) Except as specifically provided in this section, the regulation of time-share plans and exchange programs is an exclusive power and function of the state. A unit of local government may not regulate time-share plans or exchange programs.
 (b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), no provision of this chapter invalidates or modifies any provision of any zoning, subdivision, or building code or other real estate use law, ordinance, or regulation. [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11281. Acts Allowed by Commissioner to Effectuate Intent of Legislature

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11281. Acts Allowed by Commissioner to Effectuate Intent of Legislature
 The commissioner may adopt, repeal, or amend forms and regulations that are necessary to effectuate the intent of the Legislature in carrying out this chapter. These forms and regulations and any order, permit, decision, demand, or requirement issued by the commissioner shall be in writing and adopted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). [2004]

Bus. & Prof. Code §11266. Amending Declaration

California Business and Professions Code  >  Bus. & Prof. Code §11266. Amending Declaration
 (a) An amendment of a provision of the declaration or other document establishing the time-share plan may not be adopted without the vote or written assent of at least 25 percent of the voting power of the association residing in members other than the developer.
 (b) An amendment of the articles of incorporation or association may not be enacted without the vote or written assent of at least 25 percent of the governing body and 25 percent of the voting power of the association residing in members other than the developer.
 (c) An amendment of the bylaws of the association may not be enacted without the vote or written assent of at least 10 percent of the voting power of the association residing in members other than the developer.
 (d) An amendment to the rules and regulations of the association may not be enacted without the vote or written assent of at least a majority of the governing body of the association.
 (e) The percentage of the voting power necessary to amend a specific clause or provision in the time-share instrument, articles, or bylaws shall not be less than the prescribed percentage of affirmative votes or written assents required for action to be taken under that clause.
 (f) In addition to the restrictions upon the enactment of amendments of the governing instruments set forth in this section, the governing instruments may include provisions consistent with subdivision (c) of Section 11269 whereby the vote of the developer must be given effect in the amendatory process.
 (g) For a single site time-share plan or a component site of a specific time-share interest time-share plan or a nonspecific time-share interest multisite time-share plan located outside this state, that is being offered in this state, the public report shall include the following disclosure in conspicuous 14-point type:
THE DECLARATION OR OTHER DOCUMENT ESTABLISHING THIS TIME-SHARE PLAN MAY BE AMENDED BY A VOTE OF ____% OF THE MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATION. THE BYLAWS OF THE ASSOCIATION MAY BE AMENDED BY A VOTE OF ____% OF THE MEMBERS. [2004]