When the contract price is stated as a lump sum, the contract is referred to as a fixed price contract. Under a fixed price contract, the contractor bears all of the risks associated with the actual cost of completing the project. If the actual construction costs exceed the fixed price, the contractor is responsible for such excess costs and is obligated to complete the work for the fixed price. On the other hand, if the actual construction costs are less than anticipated, the contractor is entitled to the entire fixed price amount. The cost savings accrue to the contractor, increasing the contractor’s profit on the project.