Writing, Defined

“Writing” means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. Evidence Code §250. Writing includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means; and when used to describe communications between a corporation and its members, writing shall include electronic transmissions by and to a corporation where the parties have consented to this means of communication, and where such communication complies with the provisions of Corporations Code §§20 and 21. Whenever any notice, report, statement, or record is required or authorized by this code, it shall be made in writing in the English language. Corporations Code §8.

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